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frankzappa

Jurisdictions and territories 3

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Arrest without warrant by a constable in his home jurisdiction for an offence committed in another jurisdiction
This relatively new power was introduced by the Policing and Crime Act 2017 and came into force in March 2018. Until the introduction of this power, there was an issue whereby a constable in his home jurisidiction could not arrest a person suspected of an offence in another jurisidiction without a warrant. Practically this meant that either a warrant had to be applied for, or constables from the investigating force have to travel to the jurisidiction where the person suspected was believed to be, to arrest under the cross border powers set out above. In urgent and serious cases this caused several issues around delay and suspects evading capture. This new power allows a constable of one jurisdiction to arrest without warrant a person suspected of an offence in another jurisidiction whilst in their home jurisdiction. The Act sets out which offences this power of arrest will apply to in each jurisdiction (generally serious offences), and how long the person arrested can be kept in custody, with relevant authorities, by the 'arresting force' to allow sufficient time for officers from the 'investigating force' in another jurisidiction to travel and re-arrest the detained person for the purposes of their investigation.

As a practical example of this power, a murder is committed in Aberdeen, Scotland. The suspect immediately travels south over the border into England and is found by constables of Cumbria Police in Carlisle. These constables would have a power of arrest in relation to the homicide that occurred in Scotland without the need to have a warrant.

Other situations (including Mutual Aid)
Police forces often support each other with large-scale operations, such as those that require specialist skills or expertise and those that require policing levels that the host-forces cannot provide. Referred to as mutual aid, constables loaned from one force to another have the powers and privileges of a constable of the host force. Constables from the Metropolitan Police who are on protection duties in Scotland or Northern Ireland have all the powers and privileges of a constable of the host police force. A constable who is taking a person to or from a prison retains all the powers, authority, protection and privileges of his office regardless of his location. Regardless of where they are in the United Kingdom, a constable may arrest under section 41 and may stop and search under section 43 of the Terrorism Act 2000 on suspicion of terrorism (defined by section 40).

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